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Sparkling wine

Sparkling wine production in Slovakia is significant even though the number of the producers is small. The range of the wines varies from White, Rosé and Red at the various level of residual sugar made by Charmat, transfer or traditional method.

Quality sparklling wines are made from Veltlínske zelené, Pinot biely/blanc, Chardonnay, Rizling rýnsky and Rizling vlašský for white Extra Brut, Brut, Extra Dry and Demi-sec, Frankovka modrá and Svätovavrinecké for various Rosé and Red sparkling wines. Aromatic sparkling wines, mostly sweeter (sladké) are made by primary fermentation of the aromatic Irsai Oliver, Muškát Ottonel and Muškát Moravský. Grapes are sourced from various locations primarily in western parts of the country. 

Few sparkling wines with designation of the origin are produced from the combination of  Veltlínske zelené and/or Pinot biely/blanc and/or Chardonnay. The last named is also found in single varietal Blanc de blancs,  Pinot modrý/noir as Blanc de Noirs and Rizling rýnsky which is used for single varietal sekt of the wine region as well.

Producers of the sparkling wine is Slovakia:

Hubert J. E.
Sekt Pálffy
Víno Matyšák

Šumivé víno "Sparkling wine" shall be the product, which is obtained by first or second alcoholic fermentation from fresh grapes, grape must and from wine. Has an excess pressure, due to carbon dioxide in solution, of not less than 3 bar when kept at a temperature of 20 oC in closed containers, when these are opened, it releases carbon dioxide derived exclusively from fermentation. The total alcoholic strength of the cuvées intended for their preparation shall not be less than 8,5 % vol.

Akostné šumivé víno "Quality sparkling wine" As sparkling wine. Excess pressure of not less than 3,5 bar, the total alcoholic strength of the cuvées intended for their preparation shall not be less than 9 % vol.

Akostné aromatické šumivé víno "Quality aromatic sparkling wine" is obtained only by making use, when constituting the cuvée, of grape must or grape must in fermentation which are derived from specific wine grape varieties on a list, excess pressure of not less than 3 bar, of which the actual alcoholic strength may not be less than 6 % vol. and of which the total alcoholic strength may not be less than 10 % vol.

Traditional terms:

Pestovateľský Sekt - "Sekt of wine-grower" Basic conditions of the production are met with condition for producing quality sparkling wines and the last phase of the process of sparkling wine yielding is carried out by the winegrower of the vineyard from which grapes used for the production are. Single components of the cuvée of the pestovateľský sekt shall be from one wine-growing area.

Sekt vinohradníckej oblasti "Sekt of wine-region" - Sparkling wine obtained by primary or secondary fermentation of quality wine from grapes grown on wine-growing fields in wine-growing areas and exclusively in the wine-growing area where grapes for its yielding are grown or in immediately neighbouring area and basic conditions of the production are met with condition for quality sparkling wines.

Perlivé víno "Semi sparkling wine"; Sýtené víno "Aerated sparkling wine

Indication of the sugar content (sparkling wine, aerated sparkling wine, quality sparkling wine or quality aromatic sparkling wine)

Brut Nature - If its sugar content is less than 3 grams per litre; these terms may be used only for products to which no sugar has been added after the secondary fermentation.

Extra Brut  - If its sugar content is between 0 and 6 grams per litre.

Brut - If its sugar content is less than 12 grams per litre.

Extra Dry - If its sugar content is between 12 and 17 grams per litre.

Dry - If its sugar content is between 17 and 32 grams per litre.

Demi - Sec  - If its sugar content is between 32 and 50 grams per litre.

Sladké - "Doux/Sweet" - If its sugar content is greater than 50 grams per litre.

For more detailed information - act of parliament 313/2009 and Announcement of the Slovak Ministry of Agriculture 350/2009 as well as Listina Registrovaných odrôd - The List of registered grape varieties (page 76 - Vinič Hroznorodý - Vitis Vinifera L.)

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 606/2009 - the categories of grapevine products, oenological practices and the applicable restrictions.

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 607/2009 - protected designations of origin and geographical indications, traditional terms, labelling and presentation of certain wine sector products.

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 555/2008 laying down detailed rules for implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 479/2008 on the common organisation of the market in wine.