Nitrianska - "Nitra wine region"
of vine growing and wine making in Nitra wine region goes far back to
past, from region of Nitra are came dow the oldest historic evidences of
existence of vine growing and winemaking in Slovakia. These are 3
prayers dating back to era of Great Moravian Empire (833 - 907) . It is
possible to consider Nitra wine region as the most miscellaneous with
the highest number of each other distinct, but locally specific
vineyards. These specific soil conditions are affecting variousess of
grape varieties. Soils on slopes are often having high content of
skelet. In accordance to very warm and very dry lowland climatic region,
where Nitrianska belongs, various micro climatic conditions caused by
heterogeneous country relief are occuring. Vines are grown on south,
southeast and southwest slopes and plains. Vines are trained
preferentially on medium or high techniques of vine training system.
Soils are brown type with sandy to silty subsoils in the bottom parts of
deep soil profile, which are grading to clayey horizon.
Nitra wine region is a product obtained exclusively by total or partial
fermentation of grapes or grape must, which originates in this region.
Grapes from this region have higher content of acids, what is decently
affecting balance and harmony. Wine is full of fruity flavours and
tastes, is harmonic, ripen, full bodied and expressive.
grown grape varieties
červené skoré (W)
| 1,2 %
volume of rainfall is 550 mm, and it varies during the year - in growing
season with 20 - 30 % higher rainfall totals compared to vegetal
stand. Altitude of vineyards in the area is from 100 to 350
above sea level. Average air temperature in the period from May to
September range from 13 ° C to 19 ° C, the average temperature in
growing season is 17,3 ° C, average annual sunshine duration is 2200
hours, the sum of active air temperature during vegetation is at least
3100 ° C. geographic position and proper soil composition of Tríbeč
hills and southeastern slopes of Považský Inovec are creating best
presumptions for production of rich, varietal characteristic quality
wines with higher aromatic profile. Application of sensible and modern
methods of grape processing is creating soft and harmonic dry wines.
Conditions of this region allowing to produce also excellent quality
wines with attributes, foremost ice wine, when the grapes are picked and
processed traditionally at -7 °C. Wines in this region are produced not
only as sing varietal, but also as cuvée of more varieties, allowing to
create elegant medium, which smoothness and verve fascinates.
is up to 10 000 vines/hectare density of vineyard. Number of vine buds
shall not exceed 80 000 per one hectare of vineyard for production of
wine, quality wine, sparkling wine of wine region, grower's sparkling
wine or liqueur wine. Maximum of 65 000 vine buds for the production of
quality wines with attribute.
Specification of Slovak Union of Grape and Wine Producers