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Malokarpatská  -  "Lesser Carpathian" wine region
Malokarpatská wine region is located in the southwestern part of Slovakia. Vines are grown for more than three thousand years on southern, southwestern and south-eastern slopes and plains of the Lesser Carpathians and in locality Záhorie. Geological substrate is predominantly formed by detrial cones of Lesser Carpathian rivers, soils are silty sands, medium skeletal, in the peripheral parts loess eventually drifting sands. Vineyards are covering 5 588 hectares within 132 specified regions.
Wine from Lesser Carpathian wine region  is a product obtained exclusively by total or partial fermentation of grapes or grape must, which originates in this region. Grapes are achieving high sugar content, wines are full bodied, with intensive taste aned with pleasant level of acidity, suitable for longer cellar maturation. Harmonious connection of sun light, mountain, river, substantial soil and dedicated work of people is creating wines you'll favor for its refreshing lightness, pleasure, honesty.

Sub-regions of Malokarpatská wine region

Most grown grape varieties
Veltlínske zelené (W)
21,3 %
Rizling vlašský (W)
15.3 %
Müller-Thurgau (W)
12.4 %
Svätovavrinecké (R)
8.4 %
Pinot biely/blanc (W)
7.6 %
Frankovka modrá (R)
5.5 %
Rizling rýnsky (W)
4.9 %
Veltlínske červené skoré (W)
3.5 %
Irsai Oliver (W)
3,4 %
Silvánske zelené (W)
 2,8 %
Fetească regală (W)
 2,0 %
Dievčie hrozno (W)
1,4 %
Cabernet Sauvignon  (R)
1,2 %
Modrý Portugal (R)
1,1 %
Malokarpatska wine region has continental climate. The total volume of rainfall is 650 mm distributed fairly evenly throughout the year. Altitude of vineyards in the area is from 100 to 250 metres above sea level. Average air temperature in the period from May to September range from 13 ° C to 20 ° C, the average temperature in growing season is 17.5 ° C. Average annual sunshine duration is 2100 hours, the sum of active air temperature during vegetation is at least 3000 ° C. This area is characterized by at least 15 °C temperature difference between day and night during the vegetation, with skeletal base allowing the grapes to produce white varieties of higher acidity, while malolactic fermentation is eliminated to occur when the grapes are still on plants.
The vineyards
are mainly trained on medium or high techniques of vine training system. There is up to 10 000 vines/hectare density of vineyard. Number of vine buds shall not exceed 80 000 per one hectare of vineyard for production of wine, quality wine, sparkling wine of wine region, grower's sparkling wine or liqueur wine. Maximum of 65 000 vine buds for the production of quality wines with attribute. Treatment of  the white grapes varieties during processing is very fast and tactful, white wines are typically with higher acidity, wine is extracted with optimum ratio of sugars and acids. Production of white wines in the Lesser Carpathian wine region is done in reductive way, without or with only minimal access of air. Temperature is controlled during fermentation and it does not exceed 15 ° C. Controlled fermentation involves possible use of indigenous or commercial preparations of isolated strains of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Sulfur dioxide  is used as a chemical preservative.l
Grape must for the production of quality wines or wines with protected geographic origin can be enriched by adding sucrose (not more than 3.4 kilograms of sugar to 100 l of must) or with concentrated grape must. White wines are fresh and suitable for long-term deposit maturing. Red varieties for the production of the red wines are processed with at least 6 hours long maceration on the skins. Typical higher content of extract, tannins and polyphenols is transferred into velvety smoothness and fullness with maturation. Malolactic fermentation in red wines occurs spontaneously or by controlled adding strains of Oenococcus oeni. In the years with the total amount of temperatures over 3100 ° C  quality wines and quality wines with predicate that are characterized by extraordinary extract, fullness, ripeness and bouquet can be grown on these soils. Quality wines with the attributes may be preserved only with using of carbon dioxide, not using chemical preservatives such as sorbic acid and benzoic acid. Quality wines with predicate can't be chaptalised or enriched in any other way. Sparkling wines from
Malokarpatská region have youthful temperament, fruity freshness and harmony with flower aromas. They have characterised by energetic and dynamic fizziness and green to gold-yellow colour.

Specification of Slovak Union of Grape and Wine Producers

Presentation of the region by City of Bratislava - Department of Tourism